Wednesday, 30 September 2020

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Monday, 06 July 2020 11:36

The emergence of plague in Mongolia, northern China

China announces the third risk level due to the largest pandemic in human history China announces the third risk level due to the largest pandemic in human history

Egyptian News Vision: A case of "bubonic plague", caused by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis, was recorded in Bayan-Nur in north China's Inner Mongolia region, which caused the largest pandemic in human history.

China has announced the third risk level for an outbreak of bubonic or bubonic plague.

There is a risk of the disease spreading among the city's residents, and recommendations were given not to hunt and eat wild animals.

Bubonic plague:

It is an animal disease that spreads among small rodents, "mice, rats" and fleas.

This disease kills two-thirds of those infected if they do not undergo the necessary treatment.

The plague disease is very old, as it has killed millions of people in Asia, Africa, and Europe, and it has been called the Black Death, due to the appearance of spots of blood that become black under the skin of the injured person.

The infection is transmitted to humans through fleas, so observing general hygiene and controlling the reproduction and spread of mice helps prevent the risk of this disease.

This disease is spread from one country to another through mice that are transported using transportation.

Humans and animals can be infected with this disease through mice, rats, and flea bites.

This disease has destroyed many civilizations throughout history.

The credit for the plague's decline now is due to the improvement in living conditions, the use of antibiotics, and the spread of primary medical knowledge among people.

There are three types of this disease:

1 - Bubonic plague - causes tonsillitis, lymph nodes, and spleen, and symptoms appear as fever, headache, chills, and pain in the lymph nodes.

2 - Bloody plague - in which the bacteria multiply in the blood and cause fever, tremor, and bleeding under the skin or elsewhere in the body of the person affected.

3 - Pneumonic plague - germs enter the lungs and cause pneumonia, and infection can be transmitted to others from the person with this type, i.e. this type can be a means of biological terrorism.

is the difference between the types of plague in terms of disease course and treatment?

Plague infection has two main forms, depending on the course of the infection: the humeral and pulmonary form.

All forms are curable and curable if discovered early enough.

Bubonic plague:

It is the most common form of plague globally and is caused by a bug of a flea carrying an infection.

The bacillus plague, that is, pneumonia, infects the body at the site of the bite and crosses the lymphatic system to reach the nearest lymph node and multiplies in it.

Then the lymph node becomes inflamed, tense, and painful, and it is called "dual".

In advanced stages of infection, the inflamed lymph nodes can turn into open sores filled with pus.

The transmission of bubonic plague between humans is rare.

It can develop bubonic plague and spread to the lungs, in what is known as pneumonic plague, which is considered one of the most severe types of plague.

Pneumonic plague or pneumonic plague - is the deadliest form of plague.

His incubation period may not exceed 24 hours.

Anyone who has pneumonic plague may transmit the disease by spray to other people.

Untreated pneumonic plague is fatal unless diagnosed and treated early.

However, recovery rates are high if the disease is detected and treated promptly (within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms).

are the symptoms of plague?

Symptoms usually include sudden onset fever, tremors, head and body pain, weakness, vomiting, and nausea. Painful and inflamed lymph nodes may also appear during the bubonic plague.

Symptoms of the pulmonary form appear quickly after infection (sometimes within less than 24 hours) and include severe respiratory symptoms such as shortness of breath and cough, which is often accompanied by blood-stained phlegm.

How is pulmonary plague different from bubonic plague?

Bubonic plague is the most common form of plague, but it cannot be transmitted easily between people.

Some people with bubonic plague appear as pneumonic plague, which means the infection spreads to their lungs.

Pneumonic plague may spread between people through coughing.

The fatality rate for bubonic plague ranges between 30% and 60%, while the pulmonary form is fatal in the absence of treatment.

But the two types of recovery rates are good if people are treated in time.

Prevention of plague infection

To prevent the spread of pneumonic plague, avoid close contact (less than 2 meters) with a person with coughing, and reduce the time you spend in crowded areas.

To prevent bubonic plague, refrain from contact with dead animals, and wear insect repellent while you are in areas where the plague is endemic.

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